Travel Destinations - Hattusa, Bogazkale

Hattusha, the first capital of the Hittites, who established the first organized state, is located in Boğazkale, where cultural data from 5 thousand years ago can be found. Hattusha, in the heart of Anatolia, is one of the 9 values in our country that has been included in the World Cultural Heritage List by UNESCO.

The Hittite civilization is at least as old and rich as the Egyptian Civilization. The text tablets of the Treaty of Kadesh between the Hittites and the Egyptians were found in Boğazkale. In addition, the largest and most impressive sacred place of Hattusha is Yazılıkaya Rock Temple, located outside the city, hidden among high rocks. More than 90 gods, goddesses, animals and imaginary creatures were carved on the rock surface in the Temple.

While Boğazkale District is a sub-district of Sungurlu District; In 1987, considering the touristic situation of the region, it was transformed into a district and connected to Çorum. The settlement named Boğazköy is 82 km southwest of Çorum Province.

Hattusha and Yazılıkaya were discovered in 1834. Individual studies were carried out by various foreign archaeologists between 1835 and 1894; Excavations have been started by the German Oriental Cultures Research Center since 1904. Since 1939, the excavations have continued uninterruptedly.

Bogazkale; Hattusa and Yazılıkaya ruins were declared as National Parks on 02.10.1998.

History: Boğazkale is the city where Hattusha, the capital of the Hittite civilization, is located. The first settlement started in the Chalcolithic age; Hattusha, which was the location of the Assyrian trade colonies in the Early Bronze Age after the Hattis, became the capital during the Hittites period. Thus, the real history of the district begins in 2000 BC. The main center of the city is the Great Castle. The Great Temple is located in the lower city area. Yazılıkaya Open Shrine is one of the most important regions of the Hittite civilization. The tablets recovered here shed light on history.

After the Hittites, the Phrygians, Medes, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines dominated the region.

After the 1071 Malazgirt Victory, Turkish migrations started with the conquest of the Çorum Region by the Danishmend army under the command of Melik Ahmet Gazi in 1075. In the 16th century, a group of Dulkadirogullari from Marash from Turkmen tribes were first settled in Yekbas, 3 km north of Hattusa / Boğazköy, and at the end of the 17th century they moved to the outskirts of the Old Hittite capital.

When Hattusha was included in the UNESCO's "World Cultural Heritage" list in 1986, action was taken by considering the touristic situation of the region. While it was a sub-district of Sungurlu with the name Boğazköy, its name was changed to Boğazkale and became a district of Çorum in 1987. Çorum is one of the provinces that maintains the indigenous Anatolian cultural tradition, which has been formed side by side and one after the other by various civilizations for thousands of years. has become the focus of attention.